Selasa, 30 Juli 2013

A look at how Pfc. Bradley Mannings court martial unfolded before judge ...

FORT MEADE Md. U.S. Army Pfc. Bradley Manning has been acquitted of the most serious charge he faced aiding the enemy but was convicted of 19 other counts for leaking a trove of classified information to the anti secrecy website WikiLeaks. The military judge in his case has scheduled his sentencing hearing to begin Wednesday.

Here's a look at the key elements of the case

WHAT WAS MANNING CONVICTED OF

Manning was acquitted of the most serious charge of aiding the enemy which carried a possible sentence of life in prison. He was still convicted of espionage theft computer fraud and other charges. How long Manning spends in prison is up to the judge Army Col. Denise Lind. However Manning could still spend the rest of his life in prison if the judge imposes the maximum sentence of 136 years.

WHAT DID MANNING DO

The 25 year old native of Crescent Okla. admittedly leaked hundreds of thousands of classified Iraq and Afghanistan war logs and diplomatic cables in 2009 and 2010 while working as an intelligence analyst in Baghdad. Manning also has acknowledged leaking a 2007 video clip of a U.S. helicopter crew killing 11 men including a Reuters news photographer and his driver. The Pentagon concluded the troops acted appropriately having mistaken the camera equipment for weapons.

WHAT DID THE PROSECUTORS' EVIDENCE SHOW

Prosecutors presented testimony from 80 witnesses over five weeks. The government's evidence showed Manning had been warned about the dangers of disclosing classified information including posting it online.

There was testimony the leaked material revealed military tactics and other information an enemy could exploit. The government also presented evidence that al Qaida leader Osama bin Laden requested and received from an associate some of the documents Manning leaked after they were published on WikiLeaks.

In a more than four hour closing argument Fein said Manning betrayed his country's trust and spilled government secrets to make a name for himself knowing the material would be seen by al Qaida.

Fein said Manning relied on WikiLeaks and its founder Julian Assange for guidance on what to leak.

WHAT WERE THE DEFENSE'S PRINCIPAL ARGUMENTS

The defense presented testimony from 10 witnesses in three days plus one rebuttal witness after resting. Manning did not testify. The defense evidence showed Manning was authorized even encouraged to view a wide range of classified information as part of his job. The evidence was meant to counter charges that Manning exceeded his authorized computer access.

The defense also produced evidence some of the information Manning leaked was already publicly known before WikiLeaks published it. A defense expert witness Harvard communications law professor Yochai Benkler testified that WikiLeaks served a legitimate journalistic function in publishing leaked material.

WHY DID HE DO IT

Manning said in February he leaked the material to expose the U.S military's bloodlust and disregard for human life and what he considered American diplomatic duplicity. He said he chose information he believed would not the harm the United States and he wanted to start a debate on military and foreign policy.

Coombs portrayed Manning as a young naive but good intentioned soldier who was in emotional turmoil partly because he was a gay service member at a time when homosexuals were barred from serving openly in the U.S. military.

WHAT HAPPENED AS A RESULT OF THE LEAK

The release of the cables and video embarrassed the U.S. and its allies. The Obama administration has said it threatened valuable military and diplomatic sources and strained America's relations with other governments.

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