Kamis, 11 April 2013

The Masters Teenager Guan provides taste of Chinas golfing ambition

.cnn_html_media_utility before color red content '>>' font size 9px line height 12px padding right 1px .cnnstrylccimg640 margin 0 27px 14px 0 .captionText filter alpha(opacity 100) opacity 1 .cnn_html_slideshow_media_caption a .cnn_html_slideshow_media_caption a visited .cnn_html_slideshow_media_caption a link .captionText a .captionText a visited .captiontext a link color 004276 outline medium none .cnnVerticalGalleryPhoto margin 0 auto padding right 68px width 270px > Guan Tianlang now 14 qualified for this week's Masters when as the youngest player in the field then rated 490th in the world amateur rankings he beat a host of senior golfers to win the Asia Pacific Amateur Championship in Thailand. Pictured here Guan of China tees off on the second hole during the first round of the 2013 Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club on Thursday April 11 in Augusta Georgia. Guan enjoyed a practice round on Tuesday with his hero Tiger Woods whose first Masters title came in 1997 the year before the Chinese teenager was born. Andy Zhang was just 14 when he became the youngest player to compete in the history of the 2012 U.S. Open a tournament first played in 1895. Jing Yan then 16 became the youngest Chinese female golfer to ever play in a major after comfortably qualifying for the 2012 British Open at Royal Liverpool. Feng Shanshan also made history in 2012 when she became the first Chinese golfer either male or female to win a major. The 23 year old the highest ranked Chinese player in the world won by two strokes in the United States to win the LPGA Championship. The 77th edition of the Masters takes place this week at Augusta. It is regarded as every golfer's favorite tournament because of its history and tradition. 1 2 3 4 5 6

(CNN) The legendary Jack Nicklaus may have won the most titles a 21 year old Tiger Woods may have been the youngest champion and Gary Player may have made the most appearances but a little known Chinese golfer will be added to the illustrious list of Masters record holders on Thursday.

For when Guan Tianlang steps onto the first tee the Chinese teenager will become the youngest competitor at the age of 14 years and five months in the 80 years of the prestigious Augusta event beating the previous record held by then 16 year old Matteo Manassero.

The boy who has been taking time out of school in his home city Guangzhou earned his place at golf's top table when as the youngest player in the field he beat a host of senior players to win last year's Asia Pacific Amateur Championship in Thailand.

He is just the latest of a small but expanding list of teenage and remarkably even pre teen golfers to be impacting upon the highest echelons of golf despite being drawn from a playing pool estimated to be no more than 600 teenage boys and girls.

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Guan was just 13 when he became the youngest player to ever contest a European Tour event in 2012 the same year that Andy Zhang then 14 became the youngest player in the history of the U.S. Open while that year's Women's British Open found the youngest Chinese female golfer to ever contest a major Jing Yan then 16.

Cultural Revolution

Just last month all were slightly upstaged by Ye Wocheng who became the youngest golfer to qualify for a European Tour event at the age of just 12. Yes that's right. Twelve.

I don't think there's another country in the world that is putting as much into golf as China in terms of the resources energy and money says Michael Dickie the Scotland born head coach of China's women's Olympic team.

Look at most other countries they support players as amateurs but the support stops once they get to pro then they're on their own and have to do it themselves.

But our girls all they need to do is train. We do the logistics which tournaments will suit them and where they should train. We also have a physio fitness instructor technical coaches and people arranging logistics visa flights and hotels.

And the state is paying for it all. It is like a monster sponsorship program.

Of course it wasn't always thus.

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During China's Cultural Revolution of 1966 1976 golf was considered to be too bourgeois a pastime and any existing courses were dug up with the land returned to farmers.

Eight years after Chairman Mao's death though the first modern day golf course was built in 1984 even if there was still a reluctance to invest fully in the sport in the nominally communist nation.

Eye wateringly expensive

For with its 1.35 billion inhabitants representing nearly 20% of the world population yet the country's landmass amounting to just 6% of the planet's total land area land in China is decidedly scarce.

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So it makes no sense for politicians to allocate great swathes to golf courses especially given ecological concerns primarily over water use that accompany their operational capacity and the association with the wealthy elite.

While the number of courses has quietly tripled in the last decade to over 600 golf is still very much a minority sport and even though significant growth is expected with the expansion of a middle class predicted to have doubled its 2010 level of 52 million by 2015 the sport is still eye wateringly expensive.

So much so that a 2008 survey by professional services company KPMG established the average initiation cost of joining a Chinese golf club to be $53 000 with a regular round costing around $150 way beyond the reach of all but a fraction of the population.

But help is at hand for some following a decision taken in 2009 in of all places the Danish capital Copenhagen.

That was where the executive board of the International Olympic Committee voted to return golf to the Games in 2016 after a 112 year absence.

Overnight the Chinese government which boasts a long history of investing in Olympic sports finally had a reason to back golf. Although figures are hard to come by the intensity of their training programs indicates just how seriously the Chinese are taking a potential fairway to medals.

At his academy in Shanghai Dickie has a team of 15 Olympic hopefuls eight of whom attend full time training which is funded by a state who get value for money with the girls training six days a week if they are not contesting a tournament.

On a normal day we get up at 0630 and do a fitness session for an hour he says. After breakfast we train until midday when we rest until 1400.

Then another two hours of training and then an hour of fitness training we are heavy on fitness training so it's three hours of fitness and five hours of golf. Quite intense.

Chinese ambition

Improving the players' ranking is the major aim of the program for the top 15 in the world gain automatic berths to Rio de Janeiro in 2016 following which another 45 competitors will be chosen with a maximum of two available players from each country that does not already have two or more players among the top 15.

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A further indication of the Chinese ambition is that Australian legend Greg Norman has been formally brought on board to advise and identify the country's best golf talent which is largely drawn from privileged backgrounds for obvious reasons but he won't struggle with one name for the ladies category.

Last year Feng Shanshan now 23 became the first Chinese golfer to win a major when she claimed the LPGA Championship by two strokes five years after she had earned her place on the LPGA Tour as a teenage amateur.

Ranked No. 8 in the world she does not train with the team in Shanghai but looks a certainty for Brazil especially since the next best Chinese female golfers are ranked 160th and 285th respectively whose improvements represent the major challenge for Dickie Norman and co.

Those working on the country's male golfers have an even harder task for there are only three Chinese in the top 500 with Liang Wenchong the 34 year old whose best finish by some distance was eighth place in the 2010 U.S. PGA leading the way in 169th place.

But it won't be long before the fruits of China's investment now reaching the grassroots for the first time will be clear for world golf fans to see says a man who knows just a thing or two about the sport.

In China they are incredibly passionate and you see how the game is growing says Hank Haney who coached Tiger Woods for six years and who now runs several golf schools.

I know from my academy that Asian golfers are incredibly great students they're very very focused and without a doubt we're going to see more and more great golfers coming from Asian.

It won't be long before China is a big part of that.

Perhaps just as long as it takes for Guan Tianlang Andy Zhang Ye Wocheng and the rest to exit their teenage years.

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